Korean, Vietnamese and other top Asian markets more receptive to Polish exports than China.

Polski eksport do Chin Azja wartość dynamika skłonność do importu_1920_500

In 2018 China was by far the biggest buyer of the Polish goods in terms of value. China however occupied distant places among the top 10 Polish export Asian destinations in terms of the export dynamics, exports per capita and propensity to purchase Polish goods. Imports from Poland were much more attractive for Vietnamese, Korean, Taiwanese, Thai or Malaysian buyers than for the Chinese. Lower relative attractiveness of Polish goods in the Chinese market in comparison to other Asian markets is not a new phenomena and it draws several conclusions.

A few problems of Japanese education system

the Japanese education system is one of the best in the world – based on international rankings – there are some problems that, if Japanese authorities do not try to solve them, may be crucial for the future of Japanese education. Now (March 2019) it seems that education system doesn’t fully respond to the socio-economic challenges of the country. On the contrary, such examples as falsification of the results of women applying for admission to prestigious universities or the perception of a female academic lecturer as a less competent person confirm certain stereotypes prevailing in the society Read More …



The place of Indian women in a family and in society is very well defined: her limitations and her allowances are shaped by common rules. Despite those strict rules Indian women have been presenting their independence, power and freedom. The situation of an average Indian woman depends on many factors: religion, background, financial situation, status of both her family and a family of her husband – to enumerate a few. All these factors lead us to conclusion the Indian culture is very complex. It consists of various cultures derived from different sources while the main source of Indian culture lies in Hinduism and its’ tradition. As a consequence all other Indian religions and believes adopted the same structure of society as Hinduism. The adopted structure of society clearly defines the role of Indian woman and Indian man. Read More …

Bumpy year ahead in Polish relations with China


The decoupling from China and alignment with US has been already a fact for more than a year.The growing rivalry between China and United States with Washington pressing its allies to align more closely their actions with the White House foreign policy will further draw Poland from Beijing, at least for several months. The economic cooperation with China will likely to be one of the victims of the Polish foreign policy. Read More …

Huawei case: Economic retaliation not effective leverage on Warsaw

Huawei in Poland

Espionage is actually a minor issue when compared to the problem of Huawei’s presence in Poland and steps Chinese authorities can take in response. Beijing will not retaliate to protect a Huawei mid-level manager, but it might if its top tech company is forced out of Poland. Huawei is China’s national champion and actions against the Shenzhen company are treated by Beijing as an act of unfriendliness to China. In its promotion of the global expansion of its tech brands, Beijing can retaliate if the Xi administration’s pet projects get into trouble. The Polish side’s accusations of posing a threat to national security can irk Beijing, as they debunk the cherished myth of Huawei and other Chinese giants as enterprises with purely commercial background and strategic goals. Huawei’s reputation can be harmed and its ability to penetrate foreign markets can be significantly limited. There are, however, fears in Poland that such a blunt move against Huawei could, if decisive actions are taken, worsen relations with China and bring economic losses. The key questions to be answered are: is Poland vulnerable? How much can Poland actually lose by supporting US and challenging Beijing over such issues as cybersecurity?Read More …

Prywatny obraz Indii

Tajemniczy świat orientu w dalszym ciągu fascynuje. Z tego tez powodu, każda pozycja książkowa pojawiająca się na rynku o tematyce indyjskiej jest niezmiernie wyczekiwana przez fanów tego wielobarwnego subkontynentu. Oczekują oni nowych spostrzeżeń autorów na temat życia Indusów, nie tylko szeroko opisanej już strefy sacrum, lecz coraz częściej profanum, w szczególności wydarzeń politycznych, społecznych oraz gospodarczych. W książce „Imperium boga Hanumana” ostatnie oczekiwanie nie zostaje zaspokojone, aczkolwiek należy pamiętać, iż nie taki był zamiar. Ponadto, jeśli czytelnik myśli, że niniejsza lektura odkryje przed nim wszystkie indyjskie karty – jest w błędzie. Jak mówi autor „w Indiach wszystko jest takie bardziej, znaczniej, mocniej i głębiej”, tak jest również i w tej książce. Ponadto – co nieczęsto się zdarza – tytuł trafnie definiuje zawartość, bowiem tak jak Hanuman jest obecny w domostwach niezależnie od statusu materialnego, tak podróż przez Indie Piotra Kłodkowskiego również nie ogranicza się do jednego tylko przystanku.Read More …

Indian GDP – the tool in a political game

In November 2018 information on recalculated GDP in India was published. GDP recalculation is well known process in the world’s economic history however in India it happened for the second time during the last 4 years. This is exactly the time under the rule of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his BJP party (Bharatiya Janata Party). The valid point in the discussion is what GDP brings to people’s lives and whether its recalculation changes should be taken into consideration at all, and most of all, whether GDP may be used as a weapon in a political game.

Taiwanese voters displeased with inaction

On November 24th, Taiwanese voters participated in a local election, largely seen as a test for the ruling administration of President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) and the Democratic Progressive Party (民主進步黨), which has been ruling the self-governing island since 2016. Both the President, and her party have clearly failed that test.

In 2016, Tsai Ing-wen, representing the Democratic Progress Party, was elected to the highest office in the country, winning comfortably over her most serious opponent – Eric Chu (朱立倫) – backed by the other of the two biggest political forces in Taiwan, the Kuomintang (國民黨). Her victory, accompanied by DPP’s success in general election, held concurrently to the presidential, ended a two-term dominance of Taiwanese political scene by the KMT. Two years on, the voters seem to have turned away from the more independence-oriented DPP, and opted for the more China-leaning KMT.

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Polish cosmetics export to China within the cross border e-commerce framework

Costly and time consuming process of cosmetics registration combined with the requirement to conduct tests on animals were the main obstacles discouraging Polish cosmetic companies to enter Chinese market. Cross border e-commerce has created the great opportunity for Polish cosmetic industry to build the presence among Chinese consumers. Some brands such as Ziaja used this opportunity and Polish cosmetics e-commerce export to China started to take off. The new regulatory framework that had been established in 2016 and was planned to come into force on January 1st 2019 would significantly limit the window of opportunity to sell cosmetic trough the Chinese cross border e-commerce platforms. Fortunately the last minute changes of the regulatory framework implemented in the end of November seem to reverse the earlier changes and leave the channel of Chinese CBEC open for Polish cosmetics. However as the regulatory framework in China and rules interpretation is subject to dynamic changes Polish cosmetic companies wishing to offer their products directly to Chinese consumers will have to adopt more flexible approach and also use alternative channels to offer their products to the Chinese customers.

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Economic costs of Japanese immigration policy

Japan is the most hermetic country of the well-developed ones. The percentage share of non-tourist foreigners in the general population living permanently in Japan does not exceed 1.7%. Public debt, on the other hand, amounts to 253% of GDP (data for the year 2017). Both factors are linked to the restrictive immigration policy, the unfavorable demographic trend, the aging of the population and the direction of migration within Japan itself. Currently, some attempts to change the unfavorable trends can be observed however, the data presented in this study remain unambiguously negative for the foreseeable future of the Japanese economy. Even though the government prepared the reform package includes such a solution like 1) financial stimulus, 2) expansive monetary policy 3) and a few of structural changes, the Japanese inflation oscillates around 0-1%. What’s more important, those solutions won’t fix some of economic issues like aging society and negative demographic trend. The question is not about the immigration policy itself, but about the scale of it.

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