PayPal in China – opportunity for Polish SME / PayPal w Chinach szansą dla polskich MŚP

PayPal

At the end of September PayPal received approval from the People’s Bank of China to buy a 70% controlling stake in a domestic payments firm GoPay – Guofubao Information Technology. PayPal is the first foreign firm to enter China’s payment services market. GoPay is a minor player and PayPal will face giant fintech ecosystem that Ant Financial and Tencent have already built. Alipay and WeChat Pay dominate China’s digital payment market with joint 90% share. Competing with Chinese giants in the area of domestic payments can be difficult but PayPal as a well recognized platform both in China and abroad can use its position to snatch the cross-border payment services from the competitors.Polish small and medium companies (SME) face multiple challenges while trying to export to China. Using PayPal services in China for many Polish businesses can be much easier than using services provided by Chinese companies or global players and helpful in the diversification of the sales channels.Read More …

Polsteam’s Chinese dilemma / Chiński dylemat PŻM

Polsteam

On September 21 media outlets reported, that two months earlier in the internal Bulletin Paweł Brzeziński, the administrative commissioner of the polish shipping company Polsteam, bluntly criticized the government’s project of building in Polish shipyards two modern RoPax ferries. Brzeziński complained, that project of timely building in Polish shipyards is unrealistic given financial resources provided and existing infrastructure. He suggested placing orders abroad and altought the location of production was not named China was one of the obvious choices. Current Polish government have been promising revival Polish shipyards. The declarations however hit the tough economic realities and little progress has been made so far. The revival of Polish shipbuilding industry needs time and significant financial resources, while management of PŻM needs cost and time effective solution to compete with foreign operators to avoid being pushed out of market. Ordering vessels in China is a viable option. Three years have been lost for industry and now ministry and PŻM management face difficult choice. Read More …

The Polish (in)visible strategy towards Japan – soft power / Polska (nie)widoczna strategia wobec Japonii – soft power

SOft p

EUJEPA creates new opportunities for Polish business in Japan and they can be
amplified by the country’s positive image. Undoubtedly Poland has a positive image in Japan. Nonetheless, the lack of well-calculated and (possibly) successful national branding is a big issue. There are also several serious issues that limit the potential of using Poland’s positive image as tool in boosting national soft power: 1) insufficient funding, manifested in searching for entities, that will sponsor a selected embassy’s publications; 2) highly insufficient activity of Polish embassy in social media. The lack of strategy for national branding and misreading by MOFA what soft power is can prevent it from being used as a significant component of the public diplomacy. Japan still recognizes Poland as an ally and a reliable country, and even if Japanese businesses aren’t involved in Poland on a large scale, the successful PD could intensify this involvement in the foreseeable future – not to mention possible political benefits. Read More …

New Confucius Institute branch in Warsaw / Nowy Instytut Konfucjusza w Warszawie

On September 23 Warsaw Institute of Technology announced the establishment of the Confucius Institute in cooperation with Jiaotong University. The operations of the new branch will cover not only providing Chinese language courses, organizing workshops and other cultural or social events but will also include business consulting services and workshops in the Chinese economy, law, and business environment. The activities of the CI raise growing anxiety among scholars, think tank analysts, politicians and public opinion in many democratic countries. While in many countries CI is in retreat or under growing pressure in Poland their branches thrive. The increased presence of the CI or other Chinese state and CPC sponsored or supported organizations in Poland and growing number of their activities greatly facilitate the Chinese official and often misleading narrative on China’s state foreign policy and domestic situation to gain prominence in the public discourse. Being offered financial support from the Chinese side Polish scholars and think tank analysts often choose to be silent on issues considered as sensitive by CPC officials. Read More …

Polish SEZs and Japanese business,part 2 / Polskie SSE i japońskie przedsiębiorstwa – część 2

Poland Special Economic Zones

Among 14 SEZs operating in Poland, the Japanese companies are present in 12 of them with 3 major ones.Outside SEZ the Japanese investments are concentrated mainly in Warsaw. Manufacturing is the most common activity model of the Japanese located in SEZs (more than 60% of investments). The activities of the remaining Japanese companies are focused on wholesale and retail sales (almost 20%), followed by construction and transport/storage (more than 10%). Only four companies are focused on services. The detailed knowledge of Japanese companies’ operations could be crucial to encourage other businesses from a similar industry to invest in Poland, especially in the case of the no-deal Brexit, which creates an opportunity, that could be exploited could by the board members of SEZs, and by the “SEZ Poland”. Read More …

US succesful push for global postal fees reform / Sukces USA w walce o zmianę systemu międzynarodowych opłat pocztowych

UOPU scaled

On September 25 Universal Postal Union (UPU) agreed to reform its fee structure under a proposal by the United States and averted the United States leaving the organization. The agreement was clinched in negotiations among 34 countries including China. From January 2021 US would be allowed to begin imposing “self-declared rates” for distributing foreign mail in the US territory regardless of the general UPU rates. Chinese online platforms e.g. AliExpress offer extremely cheap or even free of charge shipments of products to many countries while shipments to China are much more expensive. The difference is in fess paid by different countries for mail or parcel delivery within the territory of another UPU member. The higher cost of sending items to China puts foreign sellers mainly from the SME sector at great disadvantage comparing to their Chinese peers. In Europe Nordic countries are among the sharpest critics of the current rate system Business associations from various European countries have recently again requested actions from the EU officials to reform the UPU system due to its distortive impact on competition. Read More …

EUJEPA, Polish SEZs and export opportunities, part 1 / EUJEPA, Polskie SSE i możliwości eksportowe – część 1

ZDJ EUJEPA

On 17 July 2018, the European Union and Japan signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EUJEPA), which entered into force on February 1st, 2019. EUJEPA (which covers more than 600mln citizens) could play a major role for a private sector and governments. In Poland Special Economic Zones (SEZs) could become one of the most beneficial participants if management boards use specific advantages of EUJEPA regulations. There are 14 operating SEZs in Poland. in all 14 SEZs there are 72 Japanese enterprises operating and Japan was (data from 2016) the 5th country in terms of the amount of capital invested in the SEZs. Polish export to Japan ranks 13th among all EU countries (including UK). However, among countries, that joined the EU after 2004 Poland ranks 2nd – with slightly lower export value than Hungary (circa 1bln USD on 2017). Read More …

Chinese medical tourism zone as an opportunity for Polish exporters / Chińska strefa turystyki medycznej szansą dla polskich eksporterów

Boao

Chinese National Development and Reform Commission announced this week new set of regulations supporting the further development of the Boao Lecheng International Medical Tourism Pilot Zone. They support the development of the medical services targeting affluent domestic and foreign customers and also facilitate the import of required equipment and pharmaceuticals. For foreign companies exporting to the zone provides the easier way to enter the Chinese market. Streamlined registration procedures take a couple of months instead of 3-5 years and allow for use of foreign documentation in the registration process. Time and money consuming registration procedures discourage Polish drug companies from entering Chinese markets. Export to the zone could provide good export testing opportunity. Gaining customers in the zone could be a valuable step in entering the Chinese market. Read More …

Limited activity of PCCIJ and JETRO Poland? / Niewystarczająca aktywność PCCIJ oraz JETRO Poland?

JETRO

The Polish Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Japan (PCCIJ) has been established in 2007 . Its operations cover wide range of activities, such as promotion, education, analysis and information. Japan External Trade Organization is a semi-governmental organization with 73 foreign offices in 55 countries (includes 13 European states). Number of entrepreneurial activities published on the official sites of PCCIJ and JETRO Poland declines. It makes impression, that both government-related chambers have not only hosted, supported or participated in fewer events, but also have decided to change their business profiles. Wisely and efficiently managed governmental or semi-governmental organizations could became a flywheel for trade and investments development. Especially for SME sector, which could find a lot of obstacles related to the cultural differences while entering distant markets. The role of PCCIJ is well-defined, and its support could be invaluable help for Polish SME sector in the complex Japanese market, where cultural factors play a major role in business. Read More …

Chinese Yifan to buy major stake in Bioton / Yifan zakupi znaczny pakiet akcji Biotonu

Yifan_banner2

On 3 September Yifan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd announced its intent to indirectly acquire 31,7% shares in the Polish recombinant human insulin maker Bioton S.A. Bioton is the pharmacetical company listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange and specialized in insulin and hormone based drugs. Yifan is the Chinese pharmaceutical company specialized in macromolecule biological drugs and listed on the Shenzhen SE. Yifan seeks growth opportunities both in China and abroad by targeting diabetes drugs as the key segment. In 2018 it acquired the drug developer Summitbioteck and its three insulin analogues. Chinese company needed the facility to have the drugs developed and manufactured. Bioton seemed to be a perfect match. Acquisition of Bioton shares will significantly strenghten Yifan’s control over supply chain. Bioton has recently lost its insuline distributor in China and needs stable orders, funding and access to markets. Yifan is one of the several industry investors seeking recently the manufacturing base and market opportunities in Poland. Cooperation with Yifan is an opportunity for recovery of Polish insulin exports to China. Read More …